Exercise ETC's Review of
Exercise Related Research
Compiled by Jeannie Patton, MS, CSCS
Skipping Breakfast Results In Higher Daily Caloric Intake
Many American women skip breakfast, either due to lack of time or a desire to lose weight. The purpose of this study was to determine how eating breakfast affects energy intake, energy expenditure, and circulating insulin, glucose, and lipid concentrations in healthy women. Ten women with normal BMIs were subjects. Each woman ate breakfast every morning for 2 weeks and then skipped breakfast every day for 2 weeks.
The women were tested before and after each period. The results showed that skipping breakfast resulted in a greater overall daily calorie intake, higher total and LDL cholesterol concentrations, and somewhat greater insulin resistance.
The results of this study indicate that omitting breakfast causes metabolic shifts in insulin sensitivity that result in greater food consumption, higher cholesterol concentrations, and a greater risk for weight gain. Fitness Professionals are encouraged to share this information with their clients to educate them about the importance of eating breakfast daily.